IDENTIFIKASI JAMUR MIKORIZA ARBUSKULA (JMA) PADA LAHAN PERTANAMAN TEBU DI YOGYAKARTA
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is one of the important commodity producer of sugar. One of the causes of declining productivity of sugarcane in Indonesia related to use less fertile land. Fertile lands originally used for the cultivation of sugar cane, forced conversion to residential as well as for cultivation of other more profitable crops. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) is an obligate symbiosis that forms mutualistic mycorrhizal structures in plant roots that are still alive. High form mutualistic relationship that this dependence can be interpreted that the host plant will receive nutrients, while fungi receiving partial results of photosynthesis in the form of carbon. AMF also the fungi land that is widely available everywhere in the world. This fungus has capability associated with almost 96% of plant species, such as food crops, horticulture, forestry, and plantations. Mycorrhizae in the soil which are potentially great as a biological fertilizer (biofertilizer). For the study of exploration the diversity of the types of JMA on sugarcane crop ecosystems need getting isolate potential to be developed as a biological fertilizer.